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Without an Incision:

Percutaneous Procedures for Diagnosis & Treatment

Chapter 11

1) Types of Spinal Injections
2) MRI guided discography
3) Implanted Morphine Pump
5) Epidural Stimulator for Pain Relief
6) Radiofrequency Evaporation of Lumbar Disk
A wide variety of diagnostic tests and treatments for pain and spinal problems can now be completed without surgery. Devices using complex electronics, radiofrequency power, magnetic resonance, lasers, and micromachines are now transforming medical care.