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Fixing the Cervical Spine:

Surgical Approaches for the Neck

Chapter 16

Exposure and View for

Anterior Cervical Discectomy

The retractor blades hold the esophagus, trachea, jugular veins and carotid arteries . With the retractor system in place,  the surgeon has a clear straight safe view into the disk spaces between the vertebra.  Illustration with permission of Medtronic, Inc.